Why my mouth feels dry all the time and is uncomfortable

Why my mouth feels dry all the time and is uncomfortable

We often hear this question asked by a lot of people. Your once well moist mouth suddenly decides to go dry completely and you are left helpless with no idea what to do. Dry mouth is a condition commonly referred to as XEROSTOMIA in the medical field. This condition is experienced when the production of Saliva in the mouth is not enough. It could be due to reasons like being agitated or upset. Everyone goes through this problem once or a few times in their lives, but if you are having a dry mouth most of the time it could be a sign of severe health problem.

Dry Mouth

Problems Caused by Dry Mouth

We all know that the production of saliva is very important because besides keeping the mouth wet it also helps in digestion of food. It also prevents tooth decay and helps in the prevention of infections caused by different bacteria and fungi in the mouth. Having a dry mouth can cause you the following problems:

  • Difficulty in tasting and chewing food.
  • Difficulty in swallowing food.
  • It may cause difficulty in speaking.
  • Increase the chances of dental decay and infections caused by bacteria in the mouth.

Symptoms of Dry Mouth

  • You feel thirsty frequently.
  • Your tongue gets dry, red and raw.
  • You feel a burning sensation in your mouth.
  • Sores appear at the corners of the mouth and this can be characterised by cracked lips.
  • Your breath smells bad.

So What Really Causes Dry Mouth?

Dry mouth is caused by the poor functionality of glands that produce saliva. The following are the reasons that can cause these glands to not work properly:

  • It could be a side effect of some medication you are taking, e.g. medications for high blood pressure and depression have been known to cause dry mouth.
  • It could be a side effect of certain diseases e.g. hypertension, Parkinson’s disease, stroke and mumps.
  • High-frequency radiations can also be a cause of dry mouth.
  • Autoimmune diseases like Sjorgen syndrome.
  • Normal dehydration.
  • Mouth breathing

Dry Mouth Treatment

Treatment For Dry Mouth

There are different medications available for dry mouth that can increase the production of salivating. You can follow the following few steps to help with dry mouth.

Use Water Regularly

Keeping a water bottle handy is the best thing for dry mouth. keep sipping water at regular intervals and also during methe also help to keep the mouth wet.

Use Mouth Wash

Try using a mouth wash designed for dry mouth especially the ones containing xylitol like Biotene mouth rinse (Xylitol is an SA/sugar alcohol which is a little eatable carbohydrate that resists starches plus includes fibre). Do not use mouthwashes that contain alcohol because that can cause more dryness.

Use Saliva Substitutes.

Use of over the counter saliva substitutes can help such as Biotin oral balance.

Chew Sugar Free Gum

By chewing sugar-free gums, and hard candies the production of saliva is increased that can prevent from dry mouth. Most sugar-free candies contain xylitol that can cause diarrhoea on large consumption so consume it as prescribed by the dentist.

Change in Dietary Habits

Avoid any drinks with caffeine such as coffee, tea and sodas. Caffeine can make your mouth drier so limit your intake amount of caffeine.

Stop Using Tobacco

Tobacco has always been a cause of several minor to fatal health problems, and dry mouth is no exception. With prolonged use, tobacco can cause a mouth disease called leukoplakia, characterised by white patches and oral lesions on the cheeks, gums and tongue which can eventually lead to oral cancer.

Breathe Through your Nose

Try breathing through your nose as much as possible and avoid using your mouth as mouth breathing increases dryness. It is best to check with a doctor if you are mouth breather as there could be some underlying reason for it.

Improve Oral Hygiene

Gently brush your teeth at least twice a day with a toothpaste containing fluoride. You can also use a fluoride rinse or a fluoride gel before going to bed. This is important as dry mouth increases the risk of tooth decay.

Avoid Sugary or Acidic Food

Try to lessen your intake of sugary foods, acidic foods and sweet candies, as they can cause tooth decay. In case you just consumed some, always brush your teeth immediately afterwards.

If these steps do not help in improving dry mouth, do not hold it any longer. You should visit your dentist for further consultation and treatment immediately.

What is teeth whitening?

What is teeth whitening?

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What is teeth whitening?

Despite brushing or cleaning your teeth every day, you may notice your smile begins to lose its spark with the passage of time. Though proper oral hygiene can go a long way in preventing stains, but intake of several foods, medications, coffee, tea, etc can contribute to teeth yellowing or discolouration. If you get to research on the market, you will be amazed to see a number of teeth whitening kits available claiming to offer desired results. As a general rule, all DIY projects come with a set of risks.

Whitening lightens the colour of your teeth and helps to remove stains and discolouration, making it one of the most popular dental cosmetic procedures on offer. It’s important to know, however, that whitening is not a one-off process. It needs to be repeated over time to maintain brightness.

What is Professional Teeth Whitening?

Professional teeth whitening is a solution to remove tough stains and spots from teeth. In the teeth whitening treatment, a whitening gel will be applied on your teeth. The gel will enter the tooth layers effectively to lighten the affected areas. The results of the treatment may vary from person to person depending on the condition of the teeth and type of staining.

One-hour in chair whitening is good if you’re looking for a fast and convenient way to whiten your teeth. We use Zoom Whitening which is safe and very effective. The bleach is activated with a special laser, allowing it to penetrate your teeth more easily and more quickly.

Our customised take home bleaching kits are also good, the only difference is the time required to achieve a whiter smile. The most common technique is to use both, where you will wear our take-home whitening trays for a few hours each day after your in-chair treatment, allowing you to get rapid and long-lasting results.

Even before you make up your mind to get the treatment, we advise you to book a consultation with your doctor who will evaluate the best options for you. You are an ideal candidate for the treatment if you have healthy teeth and gums and you do not suffer from excessively sensitive teeth or receding gums. A teeth whitening method is an ideal way to remove tough and stubborn stains from your teeth and improve your smile.
What about teeth whitening costs ?

At Smile Craft Dental we make the teeth bleachingcost affordable. We have a one-hour Philips Zoom special at $565. Our customised take-home teeth whitening kit is priced at $250

Book a Consultation Today! offers a wide range of general, cosmetic, preventive and implant dentistry services. Book a consultation with the doctors to know your best options.

What if you suspect that you have Cracked Tooth

What if you suspect that you have Cracked Tooth

The best treatment for a suspected cracked tooth is to have it checked by your dentist as soon as possible. Following are some of the signs which can help to detect cracked tooth.

Signs of a cracked tooth:

  • Sharp pain on biting, (especially on release or opening) that quickly disappears.
  • Usually on a molar or premolar (back teeth)
  • Spontaneous pain
  • Pain while eating or drinking
  • Extreme sensitivity to hot and cold food or drinks
  • Some cracks may be asymptomatic
  • A cracked tooth may not be visible to the eye or on an x-ray.

Causes of a Cracked Tooth:

  • You can cause a tooth to crack by chewing on foods such as ice, nuts, or hard candy.
  • A blow to the mouth may cause a tooth to crack.
  • Clenching and grinding your teeth often causes teeth to crack.
  • Brittle teeth that have had a root canal may crack easily.
  • Loss of tooth structure through wear, large fillings, or other restorations may cause a tooth to crack. This is especially true for older amalgam (silver) fillings, as they have a tendency to expand and shrink over time, resulting in flexure of the remaining tooth structure which cracks.
  • Uneven chewing pressure from missing teeth or imperfections in the way teeth bite together. For e.g. High fillings or malaligned teeth.

Treatment for a Cracked Tooth

Treatment for a cracked tooth depends on the size and location of the crack and your symptoms. These include:

  • Sometimes no treatment is recommended if the crack is small and not causing the patient any pain.
  • Reducing the height of the tooth or filling slightly or placing a metal band around the tooth if diagnosis is uncertain.
  • Repairing the tooth with a filling material and reducing the height of the remaining tooth to protect it. Placing a crown, or onlay on the tooth to protect the tooth from further damage
  • Root canal treatment if the nerves and pulp are involved.
  • Extraction of the tooth if the crack is severe and the tooth cannot be saved.

The best treatment is to have a suspected cracked tooth checked by your dentist as early as possible.

Top Ten Teeth Tips

Top Ten Teeth Tips

The only way to have a great smile is proper oral hygiene with good dietary habits. Here’s some tips to help you keep or get that beautiful bright smile.

  1. Avoid Staining Your Teeth
    Want pearly whites? Avoid any dark food or drink items which are prone to stain and darken your teeth. Excessive intake of dark food and drink items such as wines, coffee and tea scan cause staining of teeth. Red wines produce tooth-discolouring pigments. Reds and white wines both contain acid, which can erode enamel and can cause stains from other foods or drinks to penetrate more deeply. Other thing is there is dryness of the mouth due to tannins present in red wine. Smoking is another main culprit.
  2. Limit Sugar in Food
    Be careful of the sugars that are hidden in foods. Try to switch out sugary foods and drinks for fruits and water. It’s no secret sugar is the cause for cavities. According to, each time you consume foods and drinks that contain sugars or starches, the bacteria in plaque produce acids that attack your teeth for 20 minutes or more. That’s more of a reason to ease up on the sugar is you ask me.
  3. Floss
    It is recommended that you floss once a day. Food and plaque can be found between our teeth in those hard to reach spaces that our toothbrush just can’t quite get to. Flossing prevents that leftover junk from staying embedded between the teeth and hardening into tartar or calculus. It doesn’t matter whether you floss before or after your meal, just do it.
  4. Learn to Brush the Right Way
    It should normally takes 2 minutes to brush each time. You should be holding the brush at a 45 degree angle while brushing lightly against your teeth and gums. Pressing down too hard could damage the outer shell of the teeth, also known as enamel. Use a soft toothbrush and brush twice a day especially after meals. Don’t neglect the back teeth and tongue.
  5. Replace Your ToothBrush
    Change your toothbrush every four months. Old bristle could be hard and can cause damage to teeth and gums.
  6. Prevent Teeth Injuries
    Ever use your teeth to open that stubborn package? Well stop! You are at risk for chipping or breaking your teeth. No more opening bottles, chewing ice, or anything of that nature. Your teeth should be just for chewing food. Avoid hard or frozen candy or foods. Also, when participating in sports, wear a mouth guard to protect against trauma to your teeth.
  7. See your dentist
    Many people fail to see a dentist each year. Most dental diseases can be prevented with regular hygiene appointments and good hygiene practices at home. The earlier any problem is detected the better. Some other reasons to visit your dentist include sensitive teeth to cold or hot temperatures, persistent bad breath, or spots or sores in your mouth that never seem to heal or go away. However, just going regularly is best because some symptoms aren’t as obvious. Dentist visits should occur at least twice a year.
  8. Use Mouthwash
    Although not necessary, some mouthwashes can kill or reduce the bacteria in your mouth. Mouthwash also helps to freshen breath.
  9. Watch your diet
    Proper nutrition helps keep your teeth and gums healthy. The nutrients and minerals in your diet help can help you fight or resist infections.  Eating more fibrous food like vegetables and fruit is helpful and is best to avoid sugars. In drinks water is the best drink.
  10. Limit Alcohol
    Drinking alcohol can lead to a reduction of saliva production by drying out the mouth. Saliva plays an important part in oral hygiene health as it is responsible for bathing the teeth and removing some plaque and bacteria that have accumulated on the surface of the teeth. The less plaque you have the less risk of any bacteria causing teeth decay. Just try to keep water on hand and rinse every so often.
Top foods that can be damaging for your teeth

Top foods that can be damaging for your teeth

Getting the proper nutrition to keep your body healthy is something that many of us strive for each day. But do we ever give a thought for what’s healthy for our teeth? Do we ever stop and think, “Hold on, don’t have that it eats the enamel off my teeth”?

Well here are some foods that you should stop and think about before putting them in your mouth:

  1. Ice cubes: Not a food I hear you say, very true, but something that we frequently chew. Chewing on these even though they are sugar free does damage the enamel on your teeth, so probably better to chuck this habit.
  2. Sugar: Anything with sugar in it is bad for your teeth. We all know this. But why is sugar so terrible? Sugar feeds plaque which of course builds up from the bacteria in our mouths and settles on our teeth.
  3. Hard Candies: So apart from being full of sugar they also dissolve slowly giving bacteria more time to multiply and release their terrible acids that eat away at your teeth. Plus these guys are hard and you could chip or crack a tooth if you bit down too hard on one.
  4. Chewy Candies: Also full of sugar and are bad for the same reasons as above. But what makes these guys so nasty is that they cling to teeth, enshrouding them in, yes you guessed it, sugar. So now the bacteria in your mouth  has even more time to eat away at your teeth in the crevices between them where chewy candies always seem to get stuck.
  5. Any type of sticky food is not good for teeth. For example dry fruits are healthy but can stick to teeth so it is best to rinse after you eat sticky food and should brush and floss regularly.
  6. Citrus Fruit. Packed full of vitamin C and goodness, how can an orange or a lemon, or the innocent grapefruit be at fault here? They have citric acid as one of their main components and this eats away at tooth enamel. So eat them for their vitamin C but brush your teeth afterwards.
  7. Starchy foods. Anything starch that can and usually does get stuck between your teeth is the culprit here. Popcorn, potato chips and their friends are the enemy, and while a movie just isn’t a movie without popcorn, it might be a good idea to take the floss along and clean out those bits that get stuck before they can encourage tooth decay.
  8. Fizzy sodas. So apart from our good old friend, sugar, these guys are full of phosphoric acid and citric acid, both of which eat away your tooth enamel.
  9. Alcohol. This one is dangerous not only because of the sugars contained in it, but also because of another little side effect, dry mouth. Anything that dries out your mouth is hazardous to your teeth and should be avoided.
  10. Tea and coffee are alright in moderation but excessive tea and coffee is not good for teeth as can cause drying of mouth, staining of teeth and sugar added to them is also not good for teeth.

So these are the bad guys that hurt your teeth but there are also a whole host of good guys who promote healthy teeth and gums. We can also give you a few tips on how to survive and keep your teeth healthy:

  • Eat your sugary food during meals. You make more saliva then, helping to wash the acid and sugar away from your teeth.
  • Limit between meal snacks. If you need to eat rather choose fruit and then afterwards chew some sugarless gum to promote more saliva production.
  • Drink more water. After all it washes your mouth clean and some water supplies have added fluoride that helps protect your teeth.
Do I need to see the dentist twice a year?

Do I need to see the dentist twice a year?

It’s mostly recommended to visit your dentist twice a year. Is there a logic behind it ? Why it is recommended to go to dentist twice a year ? Six monthly check-ups are mainly designed keeping in mind majority of the population but it can be more or less frequent depending on the multiple factors like oral hygiene, dietary habits, general wellbeing, habits of smoking and many other factors. Your dentist will be best to advise the frequency of check-ups.

The reason to attend regular appointment is that some serious problems can go undetected if there are longer gaps between check-ups and hence the need for regular check-ups to reduce the chances of a dental problem going unnoticed. Within six months, the majority of people will produce enough plaque and calculus build up to cause inflammation and damage of the gums so calculus need to be cleaned off  regularly to prevent gum damage and gum disease and bone loss. The bone loss starts off slowly but will accelerate if left undiagnosed leading to loosening of teeth and eventually tooth loss. Also failure to treat a dental problem on time leads to some irreversible conditions. Worsening of the cavity to the point of root canal treatment is unavoidable if it remains untreated for a long time.  To avoid the occurrence of such a problem, it is advisable to see your dentist at least twice a year. Other thing is having your mouth checked regularly can help detect any oral cancers at an early stage.

Sometimes there is a factor of finances. There are many patients who would want to receive dental treatment but they fear the financial aspect which goes along with the treatment. Many people chose to totally forgo their regular treatment on the issue of finances.  This makes it impossible for them to have the check up twice a year. Call our surgery to find out how we can help with this.

Regular check up at 6 months or even sometimes at 3-4 months are recommended for:

  • Smokers.
  • People with poor oral hygiene and poor Dietary habits.
  • Have dry mouth.
  • Had extensive dental treatment in past.
  • Have high caries risk.
  • Suffer from chronic health issues like diabetes or heart disease.
  • Pregnant and nursing mothers.
  • Older people.
  • Taking bisphosphonate medication for osteoporosis.
  • Had radiation in head and neck area for cancer.
  • History of gum/periodontal disease that has caused damage to and loss of bone around the teeth.
  • Old people with less manual dexterity to brush teeth properly.
  • Crowded and overlapped teeth and find it hard to clean.
  • Inadequate saliva flow.
  • Acidic saliva.
  • People on non-fluoridated water.

Treatment of teeth can be done at the right time if you set and follow the dentist appointments at least twice a year.  Solving the problem in its early stages helps in treating it in the least invasive manner as possible. An act that saves you time, money and pain. Make the smart choice today – visit your dentist. It only takes an open mind!